Due to age, injury, illness, increased physical load and some other factors could lead to osteoarthritis, degenerative joint disease characterized by progressive destruction of normal articular cartilage and the cartilage of bone tissue. The main symptoms of osteoarthritis are pain in the affected joints, worsening of motion, joint swelling, ultimately can lead to anatomical deformation of the joints (characterized by thickening of the conclusions of the fingers).
Treatment of osteoarthritis includes the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, paracetamol, local injections of corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid, etc.., Surgical replacement of joints, in some cases, appropriate implantation of autologous chondrocytes also (newer procedure for reconstruction of articular cartilage).
To relieve the symptoms of osteoarthritis are used various thermal therapeutic procedures (eg cold and hot compresses), low intensity physical activity, various relaxation techniques and supports, as complementary therapy but may also be useful supplements of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B9 and B12, selenium , bromelain, hydrolysed collagen, chondroitin and glucosamine. A recent survey was published in a professional journal Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, showed that it can alleviate symptoms of osteoarthritis also effective creatine, the body’s own substance, which is involved in anaerobic ATP-PCR system, to provide power for the muscle and nerve cells.
Most of the more than 200 studies, which have until now dealt with the use of the additive effects of creatine on physical performance, has proven to be the only significant effect on the athlete’s capacity, which has the practical experience and millions of users.
The increased amount of creatine in muscle tissue, thus allowing greater flow of energy for high-intensitywork, regeneration of high-intensity exercise, the series can be faster, so the athlete can handle more work per unit time, through the activation of these satellite cell creatine allows muscle cell hypertrophy, etc.. Recent research also suggests that the consumption of creatine increases the local production of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) during training with weights, which also affects the more strained muscle hypertrophy.
Creatine is sometimes also used as part of the treatment of various diseases (muscular dystrophy, Alzheimer’s disease), has a positive effect on the sensitivity of body cells to the hormone insulin, which can benefit diabetics, improves cognitive function and may reduce homocysteine levels, which would be an important factor the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Creatine and osteoarthritis
The above study on the effects of creatine use on symptoms of osteoarthritis involving 26 women with knee osteoarthritis. The study lasted 12 weeks, women were divided into two groups (each 13). Both groups were carried out under professional supervision to train with weight. (the ejection of the knee on the bench, leg thrust and squat), as well as the first group received a supplement of creatine (the first week after the 20 g daily, then 5 g / day) and the other placebo.
The survey produced the following results: Functionality has been improved significantly only in patients who took creatine. Stiffness decreased only in patients who took creatine. Only women, who were taking creatine, have improved the quality of life indicators and the amount of lean mass of legs.
In both groups, it is important to reduce pain in the knees. Among the groups there was no difference in yield strength.
Research has already long list of positive effects of creatine added another option, but once again confirmed that, for people with osteoarthritis as exercise with weight. only useful and can contribute significantly to alleviating the symptoms, especially pain.