Psychophysiological Insomnia

Psychophysiological insomnia and insomnia is the most common acquired form of insomnia. These patients have a feeling that poor sleep, which can be objectively confirmed by polysomnography recording (method for determining the stages of sleep; include at least three biological measurements: measurements of brain electrical activity-EEG, detection of eye movements, EOG, measuring the electrical activity of muscles under the chin-EMG) . Psychophysiological insomnia is most commonly in the chronic form (which explains why events in patients who were present at the beginning of the disease had long since forgotten). Usually patients are very concerned about their insomnia, slow to develop a vicious circle: when trying to sleep more and are more upset by this and thus reduce the opportunity to really fall asleep. Sleeping is slowly deteriorating until the patient’s primary and only thought of it becomes a desire to be a good sleep, which prevents this really, happened.

You can usually fall asleep in other situations when you do not think about how they slept, for example: watching TV, reading, driving … Even in an unfamiliar environment, for example: in a hotel on vacation, in the laboratory, sleep better than at home.

Most insomnia is a chronic condition, but there may be brief periods of good sleep, for example: during the leave. Various internal and external causes that lead to insomnia, aggravated by other factors, such as depression, pain, work in shifts, inadequate sleep environment, …

The frequency of disease among populations in different studies varies. In sleeping centers 15% of all people diagnosed with insomnia receive Psychophysiological insomnia. Disorder in childhood and adolescence is rare, usually first appears in smaller adults (20-30 years) and slowly increases until middle age. Repeatedly complain of insomnia women than men.

The clearance recording polysomnography these subjects found the parameters of insomnia, such as prolonged sleep latency, increased wakefulness during sleep, reduced sleep efficiency. A common phenomenon is the opposite of the first night: Patients in the sleeping laboratory sleep better than at home.